This position is an example of a stalemate, from the end of a endgame study by A.
checkmate – Hepforge
White has just moved 1. If Black moves But after any bishop move, the position is a stalemate.
A back-rank checkmate is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen along a back rank that is, the row on which the pieces [not pawns] stand at the start of the game in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because the king is blocked by friendly pieces usually pawns on the second rank.
It is also known as the corridor mate. Scholar's Mate also known as the four-move checkmate is the checkmate achieved by the moves:. The moves might be played in a different order or in slight variation, but the basic idea is the same: the queen and bishop combine in a simple mating attack on f7 or f2 if Black is performing the mate. Fool's Mate , also known as the "Two-Move Checkmate", is the quickest possible checkmate.
A prime example consists of the moves:. A smothered mate is a checkmate delivered by a knight in which the mated king is unable to move because it is surrounded or smothered by its own pieces. The mate is usually seen in a corner of the board, since fewer pieces are needed to surround the king there. The most common form of smothered mate is seen in the adjacent diagram. The knight on f7 delivers mate to the king on h8 which is prevented from escaping the check by the rook on g8 and the pawns on g7 and h7.
Similarly, White can be mated with the white king on h1 and the knight on f2. Analogous mates on a1 and a8 are rarer, because kingside castling is the more common as it safely places the king closer to the corner than it would had the castling occurred on the queenside. In some rare positions it is possible to force checkmate with a king and knight versus a king and pawn.
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In the diagram showing Stamma's mate named for Philipp Stamma , White to move wins: . This checkmate occurred in Jesus Nogueiras — Maikel Gongora , Cuban Championship  see diagram , which proceeded:. Black resigned here; play would have continued A similar position with the knight on d2 is more than years old, identified as "Partito n.
There are also positions in which a king and a knight can checkmate a king and a bishop, knight, or rook; or a king and a bishop can checkmate a king with a bishop on the other color of squares or with a knight, but the checkmate cannot be forced if there is no other material on the board see the diagrams for some examples. The U. Chess Federation rules are different. In a typical position with a minor piece versus a minor piece, a player would be able to claim a draw if he has a limited amount of time left. It is impossible to force checkmate with a king and two knights, although checkmate positions are possible see the first diagram.
In the second diagram, if Black plays White can checkmate with 2. Nbc7 , but Black can play Kc8 and escape the threat. The defender's task is easy — he simply has to avoid moving into a position in which he can be checkmated on the next move, and he always has another move available in such situations. In the third diagram, one knight is guarding c1, leaving the other knight to try to checkmate.
After 1. But if White plays 2. Nd4 , Black is stalemated. Under some circumstances, two knights and a king can force checkmate against a king and pawn or rarely more pawns. The winning plan, quite difficult to execute in practice, is to blockade the enemy pawn s with one of the knights, maneuver the enemy king into a stalemated position, then bring the other knight over to checkmate.
Three knights and a king can force checkmate against a lone king within twenty moves assuming that the lone king cannot quickly win a knight. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Checkmate disambiguation. Fool's Mate. White has been checkmated. Byrne vs. White is checkmated after Checkmate with a rook. Black is checkmated. Support mate.
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The white king can also be on c5 or c7. Right triangle mate. The white queen can also be on marked squares. Cornered mate. Outer row mate. Stalemate if Black is to move.
The white queen blocks off all possible moves for Black, regardless of where the white king is placed on the board. A cornered checkmate with the rook . This is stalemate if Black is to move. The white king can also be on c7 or b6. From Seirawan. From Silman. Main article: Bishop and knight checkmate. Main article: Back-rank checkmate. From Burgess, p. Main article: Scholar's mate. Animation demonstrating Scholar's Mate. Main article: Fool's mate. Animation demonstrating Fool's Mate. Main article: Smothered mate. Stamma's mate. Nogueiras vs. Gongora, Main article: Two knights endgame.
Checkmate cannot be forced. Chess portal. Fischer, New York ".
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Retrieved Retrieved May 29, Short, Tilburg ". Gongora, Las Tunas ". Chess Federation's Official Rules of Chess 5th ed. List of openings theory table List of chess gambits Irregular Quick checkmates Fool's mate Scholar's mate. Bishop and knight checkmate King and pawn vs king Opposite-coloured bishops Pawnless endgame Queen and pawn vs queen Queen vs pawn Rook and bishop vs rook Rook and pawn vs rook Lucena position Philidor position Strategy fortress opposition Tarrasch rule triangulation Zugzwang Study Tablebase Two knights endgame Wrong bishop Wrong rook pawn.
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Fool's Mate | Fastest Checkmate in Chess
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